Many consider industrial biotechnology to be the next wave of the biotechnology revolution. Industrial biotechnology means the application of biotechnology for industrial purposes, including production, bioenergy and biomaterials. One of the important aspects of industrial biotechnology is the wide application of enzymes in various industrial products and processes such as chemical, detergent, textile, food, animal feed, leather and pulp and paper making, which enables the development of sustainable products and processes.
In the past few decades, advances in recombinant DNA technology and biological processes have made it possible to produce enzymes as purified products with desirable properties on a large scale. The latest scientific achievements in protein engineering enable us to make enzymes with new activities and/or new conditions. Industrial enzymes and their various applications play an important role in maintaining and improving the quality of life we enjoy today; At the same time, saving resources and protecting the environment will be remembered for future generations.
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze chemical reactions. In this way, enzymes have been widely used to facilitate industrial processes and produce products, and they are referred to as industrial enzymes that date back to ancient times; When enzymes were used in baking, brewing, cheese making, etc.
Among the industrial enzymes currently used, hydrolases, including proteases and lipases, remain the dominant enzyme type, widely used in the detergent, dairy, and chemical industries. Various carbohydrases, primarily amylases and cellulases, represent the second largest group.
An enzyme may be used in different industries, although for better efficiency sometimes several enzymes are needed for the same application.